Blood Cancer


What is Blood Cancer?

Blood Cancer is a type of cancer that affects your blood cells. Leukaemia, Lymphoma  and Myeloma are some of the most common types of blood cancer. Blood cancer is caused by changes in the DNA within blood cells. This causes the blood cells to start behaving abnormally.

How do you get Blood Cancer?

Most blood cancers also called hematologic cancers start in the bone marrow which is where blood is produced. The blood cancers occur when abnormal blood cells start growing out of control such as interrupting the function of normal blood cells which fight off infections and produce new blood cells.

The main cause of Blood Cancer?

Smoking, Radiation, and exposure to chemicals such as benzene used industrial chemicals have all been linked to increased risk of some types of blood cancers. According to the Leukaemia and Lymphoma Society, 66% of people diagnosed with Leukaemia live five years or longer.

The Symptoms of the last stage of blood cancer are:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Pain
  • Cough
  • Swallowing

Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms in the last days of life.  Fatigue can include aching or sore muscles. Apathy and a lack of motivation daytime drowsiness and difficulty concentrating or learning new tasks.

Shortness of Breath
Shortness of Breath is common and may get worse during the final days or weeks of life. The use of opioids and other methods can help the patient breath more easily.

You can be given medication to reduce the pain that you are feeling and also the pain during the final hours of life can be controlled.

Cough is a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages and is a common symptom of upper respiratory infection.

Trouble Swallowing

You might have trouble swallowing with foods and fluid. Swallowing is called deglutition which is the act of passing food from the mouth by way of the throat and oesophagus to the stomach.